Trucos de diseño para diseñar como locos
Hyper-realism is an artistic movement to which we owe much whom work retouching images and making photomontages. It’s remarkable its hability to improve and highlight the reality.
I have started this post talking about hyper-realism because in many cases the retouched images give the impression of false reality, or rather, too much reality. As a side effect, that makes the images appear to jump off the screen or the magazine, which immediately attract the reader.
If a picture looks flat is time to change your lighting to make it attractive, and dramatically.
In the example below, based on a photo of NASCAR, I have used subtle changes in lighting to highlight the car in the foreground and then I broke the track to become an active object on which rest the players. The original photo is pretty colorful already, but with the changes mentioned gains more strength and volume.
The first step you need to do is to illuminate the whole image a bit by duplicating the layer and putting it in screen mode at 15% or 20%, masking only the needed parts of No 48 until it is properly lighted.
Apart from improving the overall image the side of No. 48 is now much more visible and alive. The logos, wheels and tires, and all the panel in general have become more colorful. It has also illuminated the background car slightly. This has served to recover shadow detail. It is time to create a little volume highlighting the sideline of the car.
You can use the Dodge/underexpose tool on a duplicate of the current picture, or just paint on an upper layer using the blending modes to provide the proper visual effect. In this example we have sought a channel that contains the appropriate set of lights. This method has the advantage of using one’s own image information.
Select the channel with command + channel number and copy on a new layer.
In this case, the blue layer, which contains the appropriate information. Apply levels to contrast the difference between light and shadow.
Now it’s time to mask the result layer using screen mode again, so that only draws the details of the lateral line of the car, just above where the Lowe’s logo and to the driver’s window are.
It is important to continuously compare the result with the original image. Once you have the volume you can repeat this operation to increase the detail of the track. This effect is well suited for sports photography to add speed sensation. Below is the masked layer and isolated.
This layer set to multiply mode adds the detail required, the control of opacity can increase or decrease the effect until it is optimal, especially watching the shadows are not too filling.
With these small changes now you can appreciate all the details of side of No. 48, including two planes are more prominent than in the original image. The asphalt is no longer a passive player. The picture would be ready to work with colors (Should saturate the colors after lighting a photograph).
The volume effect can be overdone as much as desired or be necessary. In this case only has been used to enhance details but can be taken much further in photographic montages and artistic compositions.